Areas of the scalp

Do you know the different parts of your scalp?

The moment you noticed that your hair was falling out more than usual or that it was gradually becoming thinner probably took you to come across more than a couple of concepts you had never heard of before; scientific or even difficult to pronounce terms abound when you try to learn a little more about hair loss. But what happens when you want to know about the exact area where you are losing hair? Have you ever wondered what each part of the scalp is actually called?

Four principal areas of the scalp

The decrease in the amount of hair, regardless of the cause, is known as alopecia. Although this condition affects both men and women, men are statistically the most affected. Androgenic alopecia or male pattern baldness (MPB) is the most common cause of hair loss in men, and as the name suggests, it is easily identified by the pattern it follows on the scalp.

The scalp areas are composed of 4 parts: the frontal region (or central forelock), the mid scalp (or posterior mid scalp), vertex transition zone (or vertex transition point), and the crown (or vertex).

regions of the head

Frontal region

Also called central forelock, is the area located just in front of the head. It covers the hairline and the hair around the temples. This is the region that specialists refer to when talking about a receding hairline, M-shape or bitemporal regression.

For those men experiencing androgenic alopecia, this is the first area of the scalp where hair loss is noticeable.

Mil-scalp region

As the name indicates, this area is located just in the middle part of the scalp, behind the frontal region. It is also known as posterior mid scalp. Commonly, hair loss in that area occurs when the patient is in an advanced stage of male pattern baldness.

If you decide to undergo a hair transplant, it is important that the surgeon detects exactly the areas that need implants, because if grafts are only placed in the frontal region and none in the mildscap, it is quite likely that the result will look unnatural.

Vertex transition zone

Equally called vertex transition point, this area is located between the mid-scalp region and the crown. The vertex transition zone is a very important area to create density to reduce the illusion of baldness at the back of the head, as well as to frame the posterior scalp.


Commonly referred to by specialists as vertex, the term literally means the highest point. This area is located at the back of the head. The posterior mid scalp finishes at the vertex transition zone and that is where the crown starts.

▮Everyone loses hair naturally and it is normal for hair to thin when you get older. But the truth is that male pattern baldness is a genetic condition and only a specialist can help you determine the best treatment to restore your hair.

Get your online consultation

Learn if you are candidate for Hair Transplant

Related Articles

How to Tell if You Have a Receding Hairline

Many factors can lead someone to experience a receding hairline, from a stressful lifestyle and medications to a hormonal imbalance and poor nutrition.

Difference between FUT & FUE Hair Transplant

Both offer a permanent solution to hair loss problems, with surprising results translated into a completely natural hair look.